There are currently 87 articles published by Behavioral Management Consortium Members since 2011 and available in PubMed. There are also three book chapters written by consortium members since 2011.

Pair introduction/Pair housing

Baker KC, Bloomsmith MA, Oettinger B, Neu K, Griffis C, Schoof V, Maloney M.
Benefits of pair housing are consistent across a diverse population of rhesus macaques.
Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2012 Mar; 137(3-4): 148-156.

Baker KC, Bloomsmith MA, Oettinger B, Neu K, Griffis C, Schoof VA.
Comparing options for pair housing rhesus macaques using behavioral welfare measures.
Am. J. Primatol. 2014 Jan; 76(1): 30-42.

Baker KC, Crockett CM, Lee GH, Oettinger BC, Schoof V, Thom JP.
Pair housing for female longtailed and rhesus macaques in the laboratory: behavior in protected contact versus full contact.
J Appl Anim Welf Sci 2012 03; 15(2): 126-43.

Bauer SA, Baker KC.
Persistent Effects of Peer Rearing on Abnormal and Species-Appropriate Activities but Not Social Behavior in Group-Housed Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Comp. Med. 2016 Apr; 66(2): 129-36.

Jorgensen MJ, Lambert KR, Breaux SD, Baker KC, Snively BM, Weed JL.
Pair housing of Vervets/African Green Monkeys for biomedical research.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-10.

Pomerantz O, Baker KC.
Higher levels of submissive behaviors at the onset of the pairing process of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are associated with lower risk of wounding following introduction.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Aug; 79(8): .

Truelove MA, Martin AL, Perlman JE, Wood JS, Bloomsmith MA.
Pair housing of Macaques: A review of partner selection, introduction techniques, monitoring for compatibility, and methods for long-term maintenance of pairs.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-15.

Worlein JM, Kroeker R, Lee GH, Thom JP, Bellanca RU, Crockett CM.
Socialization in pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina).
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-12.


Bellanca RU, Lee GH, Vogel K, Ahrens J, Kroeker R, Thom JP, Worlein JM.
A simple alopecia scoring system for use in colony management of laboratory-housed primates.
J. Med. Primatol. 2014 Jun; 43(3): 153-61.

Coleman K, Lutz CK, Worlein JM, Gottlieb DH, Peterson E, Lee GH, Robertson ND, Rosenberg K, Menard MT, Novak MA.
The correlation between alopecia and temperament in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at four primate facilities.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-10.

Kroeker R, Bellanca RU, Lee GH, Thom JP, Worlein JM.
Alopecia in three macaque species housed in a laboratory environment.
Am. J. Primatol. 2014 Apr; 76(4): 325-34.

Kroeker R, Lee GH, Bellanca RU, Thom JP, Worlein JM.
Prior facility affects alopecia in adulthood for rhesus macaques.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-9.

Luchins KR, Baker KC, Gilbert MH, Blanchard JL, Liu DX, Myers L, Bohm RP.
Application of the diagnostic evaluation for alopecia in traditional veterinary species to laboratory rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2011 Nov; 50(6): 926-38.

Lutz CK, Coleman K, Worlein J, Novak MA.
Hair loss and hair-pulling in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2013 Jul; 52(4): 454-7.

Lutz CK, Coleman K, Worlein JM, Kroeker R, Menard MT, Rosenberg K, Meyer JS, Novak MA.
Factors influencing alopecia and hair cortisol in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Med. Primatol. 2016 Aug; 45(4): 180-8.

Lutz CK, Sharp RM.
Alopecia in Outdoor Group- and Corral-Housed Baboons (Papio hamadryas spp.).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2015 Jul; 54(4): 384-8.

Novak MA, Hamel AF, Coleman K, Lutz CK, Worlein J, Menard M, Ryan A, Rosenberg K, Meyer JS.
Hair loss and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity in captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2014 May; 53(3): 261-6.

Novak MA, Menard MT, El-Mallah SN, Rosenberg K, Lutz CK, Worlein J, Coleman K, Meyer JS.
Assessing significant (>30%) alopecia as a possible biomarker for stress in captive rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-8.

Abnormal Behavior (excluding SIB)

Jacobson SL, Ross SR, Bloomsmith MA.
Characterizing abnormal behavior in a large population of zoo-housed chimpanzees: prevalence and potential influencing factors.
PeerJ 2016 08; 4(): e2225.

Lutz CK, Williams PC, Sharp RM.
Abnormal behavior and associated risk factors in captive baboons (Papio hamadryas spp.).
Am. J. Primatol. 2014 Apr; 76(4): 355-61.

Lutz CK.
Stereotypic behavior in nonhuman primates as a model for the human condition.
ILAR J 2014 09; 55(2): 284-96.

Lutz CK
A cross-species comparison of abnormal behavior in three species of singly-housed old world monkeys.
Applied animal behaviour science 2018 02; 199(): 52-58.

Martin AL, Bloomsmith MA, Kelley ME, Marr MJ, Maple TL.
Functional analysis and treatment of human-directed undesirable behavior exhibited by a captive chimpanzee.
J Appl Behav Anal 2011 05; 44(1): 139-43.

Nevill CH, Lutz CK.
The Effect of a Feeding Schedule Change and the Provision of Forage Material on Hair Eating in a Group of Captive Baboons (Papio hamadryas sp.).
J Appl Anim Welf Sci 2015 09; 18(4): 319-31.

Pomerantz O, Meiri S, Terkel J.
Socio-ecological factors correlate with levels of stereotypic behavior in zoo-housed primates.
Behav. Processes 2013 Sep; 98(): 85-91.

Pomerantz O, Paukner A, Terkel J.
Some stereotypic behaviors in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are correlated with both perseveration and the ability to cope with acute stressors.
Behav. Brain Res. 2012 Apr; 230(1): 274-80.

Pomerantz O, Terkel J, Suomi SJ, Paukner A.
Stereotypic head twirls, but not pacing, are related to a 'pessimistic'-like judgment bias among captive tufted capuchins (Cebus apella).
Anim Cogn 2012 Jul; 15(4): 689-98.

Self Injurious Behavior

Clemmons EA, Gumber S, Strobert E, Bloomsmith MA, Jean SM.
Self-Injurious Behavior Secondary to Cytomegalovirus-Induced Neuropathy in an SIV-Infected Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta).
Comp. Med. 2015 Jun; 65(3): 266-70.

Gottlieb DH, Capitanio JP, McCowan B.
Risk factors for stereotypic behavior and self-biting in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta): animal's history, current environment, and personality.
Am. J. Primatol. 2013 Oct; 75(10): 995-1008.

Kempf DJ, Baker KC, Gilbert MH, Blanchard JL, Dean RL, Deaver DR, Bohm RP.
Effects of extended-release injectable naltrexone on self-injurious behavior in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Comp. Med. 2012 Jun; 62(3): 209-17.

Lee KM, Chiu KB, Didier PJ, Baker KC, MacLean AG.
Naltrexone treatment reverses astrocyte atrophy and immune dysfunction in self-harming macaques.
Brain Behav. Immun. 2015 Nov; 50(): 288-97.

Lee KM, Chiu KB, Sansing HA, Inglis FM, Baker KC, MacLean AG.
Astrocyte atrophy and immune dysfunction in self-harming macaques.
PLoS ONE 2013 08; 8(7): e69980.


Bennett AJ, Perkins CM, Harty NM, Niu M, Buelo AK, Luck ML, Pierre PJ.
Assessment of foraging devices as a model for decision-making in nonhuman primate environmental enrichment.
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2014 Sep; 53(5): 452-63.

Bennett AJ, Perkins CM, Tenpas PD, Reinebach AL, Pierre PJ.
Moving evidence into practice: cost analysis and assessment of macaques' sustained behavioral engagement with videogames and foraging devices.
Am. J. Primatol. 2016 Dec; 78(12): 1250-1264.

Bloomsmith MA, Hasenau J, Bohm RP.
Position Statement: "Functionally Appropriate Nonhuman Primate Environments" as an Alternative to the Term "Ethologically Appropriate Environments".
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2017 Jan; 56(1): 102-106.<\p>

Crast J, Bloomsmith MA, Jonesteller TJ.
Behavioral Effects of an Enhanced Enrichment Program for Group-Housed Sooty Mangabeys (Cercocebus atys).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2016 Nov; 55(6): 756-764.

Doane CJ, Andrews K, Schaefer LJ, Morelli N, McAllister S, Coleman K.
Dry bedding provides cost-effective enrichment for group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2013 07; 52(3): 247-52.

Gottlieb DH, Ghirardo S, Minier DE, Sharpe N, Tatum L, McCowan B.
Efficacy of 3 types of foraging enrichment for rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2011 Nov; 50(6): 888-94.

Gottlieb DH, O'Connor JR, Coleman K.
Using porches to decrease feces painting in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2014 Nov; 53(6): 653-6.

Griffis CM, Martin AL, Perlman JE, Bloomsmith MA.
Play caging benefits the behavior of singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2013 Sep; 52(5): 534-40.

Luchins KR, Baker KC, Gilbert MH, Blanchard JL, Bohm RP.
Manzanita wood: a sanitizable enrichment option for nonhuman primates.
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2011 Nov; 50(6): 884-7.

Lutz CK, Brown TA
Porches as Enrichment for Singly Housed Cynomolgus Macaques (Macaca fascicularis).
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS 2018 Mar; 57(2): 134-137.

Wren-Dail MA, Dauchy RT, Ooms TG, Baker KC, Blask DE, Hill SM, Dupepe LM, Bohm RP.
Effects of Colored Enrichment Devices on Circadian Metabolism and Physiology in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats.
Comp. Med. 2016 10; 66(5): 384-391.

Positive Reinforcement Training

Bloomsmith M, Neu K, Franklin A, Griffis C, McMillan J.
Positive reinforcement methods to train chimpanzees to cooperate with urine collection.
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2015 Jan; 54(1): 66-9.

McMillan JL, Bloomsmith MA, Prescott MJ.
An International Survey of Approaches to Chair Restraint of Nonhuman Primates.
Comp. Med. 2017 Oct; 67(5): 442-451.

McMillan JL, Perlman JE, Galvan A, Wichmann T, Bloomsmith MA.
Refining the pole-and-collar method of restraint: emphasizing the use of positive training techniques with rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2014 Jan; 53(1): 61-8.

Veeder CL, Bloomsmith MA, McMillan JL, Perlman JE, Martin AL.
Positive reinforcement training to enhance the voluntary movement of group-housed sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys atys).
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci. 2009 Mar; 48(2): 192-5.

Wilson ML, Perdue BM, Bloomsmith MA, Maple TL.
Rates of reinforcement and measures of compliance in free and protected contact elephant management systems.
Zoo Biol. 2015 10; 34(5): 431-7.

General Welfare / Assessing stress and well being

Baker KC, Dettmer AM.
The well-being of laboratory non-human primates.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-5.

Baker KC.
Survey of 2014 behavioral management programs for laboratory primates in the United States.
Am. J. Primatol. 2016 Jul; 78(7): 780-96.

Beisner BA, Jackson ME, Cameron A, McCowan B.
Effects of natal male alliances on aggression and power dynamics in rhesus macaques.
Am. J. Primatol. 2011 Aug; 73(8): 790-801.

Beisner BA, Jackson ME, Cameron A, McCowan B.
Sex Ratio, Conflict Dynamics, and Wounding in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2012 Mar; 137(3-4): 137-147.

Beisner BA, Jackson ME, Cameron AN, McCowan B.
Detecting instability in animal social networks: genetic fragmentation is associated with social instability in rhesus macaques.
PLoS ONE 2011 Jan; 6(1): e16365.

Burbacher TM, Grant KS, Worlein J, Ha J, Curnow E, Juul S, Sackett GP.
Four decades of leading-edge research in the reproductive and developmental sciences: the Infant Primate Research Laboratory at the University of Washington National Primate Research Center.
Am. J. Primatol. 2013 Nov; 75(11): 1063-83.

Chan S, Fushing H, Beisner BA, McCowan B.
Joint modeling of multiple social networks to elucidate primate social dynamics: I. maximum entropy principle and network-based interactions.
PLoS ONE 2013 03; 8(2): e51903.

Clay AW, Bard KA, Bloomsmith MA.
Effects of sex and early rearing condition on adult behavior, health, and well-being in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
Behav. Processes 2017 Aug; (): .

Clay AW, Bloomsmith MA, Bard KA, Maple TL, Marr MJ.
Long-term effects of infant attachment organization on adult behavior and health in nursery-reared, captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
J Comp Psychol 2015 May; 129(2): 145-59.

Coleman K, Pierre PJ.
Assessing anxiety in nonhuman primates.
ILAR J 2014 09; 55(2): 333-46.

Coleman K.
Caring for nonhuman primates in biomedical research facilities: scientific, moral and emotional considerations.
Am. J. Primatol. 2011 Mar; 73(3): 220-5.

Coleman K.
Individual differences in temperament and behavioral management practices for nonhuman primates.
Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2012 Mar; 137(3-4): 106-113.

Corcoran CA, Pierre PJ, Haddad T, Bice C, Suomi SJ, Grant KA, Friedman DP, Bennett AJ.
Long-term effects of differential early rearing in rhesus macaques: behavioral reactivity in adulthood.
Dev Psychobiol 2012 Jul; 54(5): 546-55.

Crast J, Bloomsmith MA, Jonesteller T.
Effects of changing housing conditions on mangabey behavior (Cercocebus atys): Spatial density, housing quality, and novelty effects.
Am. J. Primatol. 2015 Jun; (): .

Gaither AM, Baker KC, Gilbert MH, Blanchard JL, Liu DX, Luchins KR, Bohm RP.
Videotaped behavior as a predictor of clinical outcome in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Comp. Med. 2014 Jun; 64(3): 193-9.

Gilbert MH, Baker KC.
Social buffering in adult male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta): Effects of stressful events in single vs. pair housing.
J. Med. Primatol. 2011 Apr; 40(2): 71-8.

Gottlieb DH, Coleman K, McCowan B.
The Effects of Predictability in Daily Husbandry Routines on Captive Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2013 Jan; 143(2-4): 117-127.

Grant KS, Worlein JM, Meyer JS, Novak MA, Kroeker R, Rosenberg K, Kenney C, Burbacher TM.
A longitudinal study of hair cortisol concentrations in Macaca nemestrina mothers and infants.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Feb; 79(2): 1-9.

Hamel AF, Lutz CK, Coleman K, Worlein JM, Peterson EJ, Rosenberg KL, Novak MA, Meyer JS.
Responses to the Human Intruder Test are related to hair cortisol phenotype and sex in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-10.

Maple TL, Bloomsmith MA.
Introduction: The science and practice of optimal animal welfare.
Behav Processes. 2017 Sep 18. pii: S0376-6357(17)30430-8. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2017.09.012. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

McCowan B, Beisner BA, Capitanio JP, Jackson ME, Cameron AN, Seil S, Atwill ER, Fushing H.
Network stability is a balancing act of personality, power, and conflict dynamics in rhesus macaque societies.
PLoS ONE 2011 08; 6(8): e22350.

Meyer J, Grant K, Burbacher T, Worlein J, Kenney C, Dettmer A, Suomi S, Hamel A, Rosenberg K, Novak M.
Relationship between prenatal cortisol exposure and behavioral development in macaque monkeys.
Psychoneuroendocrinology 2015 Nov; 61(): 30-1.

Peterson EJ, Worlein JM, Lee GH, Dettmer AM, Varner EK, Novak MA.
Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) with self-injurious behavior show less behavioral anxiety during the human intruder test.
Am. J. Primatol. 2017 Jan; 79(1): 1-8.

Robinson LM, Coleman K, Capitanio JP, Gottlieb DH, Handel IG, Adams MJ, Leach MC, Waran NK, Weiss A
Rhesus macaque personality, dominance, behavior, and health.
Am. J. Primatol. 2018 Feb; 80(2): .

Rommeck I, Capitanio JP, Strand SC, McCowan B.
Early social experience affects behavioral and physiological responsiveness to stressful conditions in infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
Am. J. Primatol. 2011 Jul; 73(7): 692-701.

Tardif SD, Coleman K, Hobbs TR, Lutz C.
IACUC review of nonhuman primate research.
ILAR J 2013 10; 54(2): 234-45.

Worlein JM.
Nonhuman primate models of depression: effects of early experience and stress.
ILAR J 2014 09; 55(2): 259-73.

Non-welfare papers

Bethea CL, Coleman K, Phu K, Reddy AP, Phu A.
Relationships between androgens, serotonin gene expression and innervation in male macaques.
Neuroscience 2014 Aug; 274(): 341-56.

Bethea CL, Reddy AP, Robertson N, Coleman K.
Effects of aromatase inhibition and androgen activity on serotonin and behavior in male macaques.
Behav. Neurosci. 2013 Jun; 127(3): 400-14.

Coleman K, Robertson ND, Bethea CL.
Long-term ovariectomy alters social and anxious behaviors in semi-free ranging Japanese macaques.
Behav. Brain Res. 2011 Nov; 225(1): 317-27.

Coleman K, Robertson ND, Dissen GA, Neuringer MD, Martin LD, Cuzon Carlson VC, Kroenke C, Fair D, Brambrink AM.
Isoflurane Anesthesia Has Long-term Consequences on Motor and Behavioral Development in Infant Rhesus Macaques.
Anesthesiology 2017 Jan; 126(1): 74-84.

Herndon JG, Paredes J, Wilson ME, Bloomsmith MA, Chennareddi L, Walker ML.
Menopause occurs late in life in the captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
Age (Dordr) 2012 Oct; 34(5): 1145-56.

Hopkins WD, Meguerditchian A, Coulon O, Bogart S, Mangin JF, Sherwood CC, Grabowski MW, Bennett AJ, Pierre PJ, Fears S, Woods R, Hof PR, Vauclair J.
Evolution of the central sulcus morphology in primates.
Brain Behav. Evol. 2014 08; 84(1): 19-30.

Isakova IA, Baker KC, Dufour J, Phinney DG.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells Yield Transient Improvements in Motor Function in an Infant Rhesus Macaque with Severe Early-Onset Krabbe Disease.
Stem Cells Transl Med 2017 Jan; 6(1): 99-109.

Jackson KL, Dayton RD, Fisher-Perkins JM, Didier PJ, Baker KC, Weimer M, Gutierrez A, Cain CD, Mathis JM, Gitcho MA, Bunnell BA, Klein RL.
Initial gene vector dosing for studying symptomatology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in non-human primates.
J. Med. Primatol. 2015 Apr; 44(2): 66-75.

Lutz C, Nevill C.
A Response to the Influence of Observer Presence on Baboon (Papio spp.) and Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) Behavior: A Comment On.
Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 2011 Jan; 129(1): 55-56.

Lyn H, Pierre P, Bennett AJ, Fears S, Woods R, Hopkins WD.
Planum temporale grey matter asymmetries in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), vervet (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus), rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and bonnet (Macaca radiata) monkeys.
Neuropsychologia 2011 Jun; 49(7): 2004-12.

Meneghini V, Lattanzi A, Tiradani L, Bravo G, Morena F, Sanvito F, Calabria A, Bringas J, Fisher-Perkins JM, Dufour JP, Baker KC, Doglioni C, Montini E, Bunnell BA, Bankiewicz K, Martino S, Naldini L, Gritti A.
Pervasive supply of therapeutic lysosomal enzymes in the CNS of normal and Krabbe-affected non-human primates by intracerebral lentiviral gene therapy.
EMBO Mol Med 2016 05; 8(5): 489-510.

Taylor JM, Clarke EL, Baker K, Lauder A, Kim D, Bailey A, Wu GD, Collman RG, Doyle-Meyers L, Russell-Lodrigue K, Blanchard J, Bushman FD, Bohm R
Evaluation of a therapy for Idiopathic Chronic Enterocolitis in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and linked microbial community correlates.
PeerJ 2018 04; 6(): e4612.

Book Chapters

Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Perlman, J, Hutchinson, E. and Sharpless, M.
Behavioral Management Programs to Promote Laboratory Animal Welfare.
Management of Animal Care and Use Programs in Research, Teaching and Testing, Second Edition.
(Editors) Robert Weichbrod, Gail Thompson and John Norton. CRC Press. (2017).

Bloomsmith, M.
Behavioral Management of Laboratory Primates: Principles and Projections.
Pages 497- 513 in the Handbook of Primate Behavioral Management
(Editors) Steve Schapiro. CRC Press, New York. (2017).

Bloomsmith, M.A.
Preface to the volume on laboratory primate welfare.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 137(3-4) - 103-105. (2012).